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Fatawa Shami Pdf Free 197: A Comprehensive Guide
If you are interested in learning about Islamic jurisprudence from one of the most authoritative and comprehensive sources in the Hanafi school of thought, then you might want to read Fatawa Shami. Fatawa Shami is a monumental work that covers various aspects of Islamic law and practice, such as worship, transactions, marriage, divorce, inheritance, criminal law, and more. It is widely regarded as the central reference for fatwa in the Hanafi madhhab.
Fatawa Shami Pdf Free 197
But what is Fatawa Shami exactly? How can you access it online? And how can you read and understand it? In this article, we will answer these questions and provide you with a comprehensive guide on Fatawa Shami pdf free 197. We will explain what Fatawa Shami is, how to access it online, and how to read and understand it. By the end of this article, you will have a better idea of what Fatawa Shami is and how to benefit from it.
What is Fatawa Shami?
Fatawa Shami is a super-commentary or a marginal gloss on Imam `Ala' al-Din al-Haskafi's work of Islamic jurisprudence, Durr al-Mukhtar Sharh Tanweer al-Absaar (The Chosen Pearl: A Commentary on the Illumination of the Eyes). It is also known as Radd al-Muhtar ala ad-Dur al-Mukhtar (The Answer of the Perplexed on the Chosen Pearl) or Radd al-Muhtar (The Answer of the Perplexed).
The author and the sources of Fatawa Shami
The author of Fatawa Shami is Imam Muhammad Amin ibn Abidin al-Shami (1784-1836 CE), a renowned scholar and jurist from Damascus, Syria. He was also known as Ibn Abidin or al-Shami. He was a master of various Islamic sciences, such as Quran, Hadith, fiqh, usul al-fiqh, tafsir, grammar, rhetoric, logic, history, and more. He was also a poet and a calligrapher. He wrote more than 50 books on various topics.
The sources of Fatawa Shami are mainly Durr al-Mukhtar by Imam al-Haskafi (d. 1088 AH) and its commentary Tanweer al-Absaar by Imam Muhammad ibn `Abdullah al-Tumurtashi (d. 1004 AH). Durr al-Mukhtar is a concise but comprehensive summary of Hanafi fiqh that relies on several authoritative works, such as al-Hidayah by Imam al-Marghinani (d. 593 AH), al-Mabsut by Imam al-Sarakhsi (d. 483 AH), al-Muhit by Imam al-Siraj al-Bulqini (d. 805 AH), and others. Tanweer al-Absaar is a detailed explanation of Durr al-Mukhtar that clarifies its meanings and evidences.
Fatawa Shami is a super-commentary that adds more details, evidences, opinions, discussions, and rulings to Durr al-Mukhtar and Tanweer al-Absaar. It also cites and compares the views of other Hanafi scholars and jurists, such as Imam Abu Hanifah (d. 150 AH), Imam Abu Yusuf (d. 182 AH), Imam Muhammad al-Shaybani (d. 189 AH), Imam al-Kasani (d. 587 AH), Imam al-Tahtawi (d. 1231 AH), and others. It also refers to the views of other schools of thought, such as the Shafi'i, the Maliki, and the Hanbali schools.
The structure and the contents of Fatawa Shami
Fatawa Shami is divided into 12 volumes, each containing several chapters and sections that deal with different topics of Islamic law and practice. The topics are arranged according to the following order:
Volume 1: The Book of Purity (Kitab al-Taharah)
Volume 2: The Book of Prayer (Kitab al-Salah)
Volume 3: The Book of Zakat (Kitab al-Zakat)
Volume 4: The Book of Fasting (Kitab al-Sawm)
Volume 5: The Book of Pilgrimage (Kitab al-Hajj)
Volume 6: The Book of Trade (Kitab al-Buyu')
Volume 7: The Book of Partnership (Kitab al-Sharikah)
Volume 8: The Book of Renting (Kitab al-Ijarah)
Volume 9: The Book of Marriage (Kitab al-Nikah)
Volume 10: The Book of Divorce (Kitab al-Talaq)
Volume 11: The Book of Inheritance (Kitab al-Fara'id)
Volume 12: The Book of Punishments (Kitab al-Hudud)
The contents of Fatawa Shami are based on the Quran, the Sunnah, the consensus of the scholars, the analogy, the juristic preference, and other sources of Islamic law. It covers various issues and scenarios that relate to the daily life of Muslims, such as worship, transactions, marriage, divorce, inheritance, criminal law, and more. It provides clear and detailed rulings and explanations for each issue and scenario.
The significance and the influence of Fatawa Shami
Fatawa Shami is one of the most significant and influential works in Hanafi fiqh. It is widely regarded as the central reference for fatwa in the Hanafi madhhab. It is also considered as one of the most reliable and authoritative sources for Islamic law and practice in general. It is praised by many scholars and jurists for its comprehensiveness, depth, accuracy, clarity, and relevance.
Fatawa Shami has been studied, taught, commented on, summarized, translated, and published by many scholars and institutions throughout history. It has been used as a source of guidance and reference for many Muslims around the world. It has also been cited and quoted by many other works of Islamic jurisprudence, such as Fatawa Hindiyyah (The Indian Fatwas), Fatawa Qadhi Khan (The Fatwas of Qadhi Khan), Fatawa Alamgiriyyah (The Fatwas of Alamgir), Fatawa Razawiyyah (The Fatwas of Raza Khan), and others.
How to access Fatawa Shami online?
If you want to read Fatawa Shami online, you have several options to choose from. You can access Fatawa Shami online in different formats, such as pdf, html, or text. You can also access Fatawa Shami online in different languages, such as Arabic, Urdu, or English. However, you should be aware of some benefits and challenges that come with reading Fatawa Shami online.
The benefits of reading Fatawa Shami online
Reading Fatawa Shami online has some benefits that make it convenient and easy for you. Some of these benefits are:
You can access Fatawa Shami online anytime and anywhere you have an internet connection. 71b2f0854b